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EMT-I Interactivities
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Please read each question and select your answer from the choices provided. You must complete all of the questions in order to view your results. At the end of each exam, you have the option to e-mail your results to your instructor.

1:  An exaggerated immune response to any substance in which the body releases chemicals to combat the stimulus is known as an:
A: envenomation.
B: immunodeficiency.
C: allergic reaction.
D: antivenin.

2:  You and your partner have been called to the home of a 39-year-old woman. She states she was spraying the plants in her garden when she suddenly developed difficulty breathing. She appears anxious with high pitched, whistling breath sounds and is covered in multiple, small, raised areas on her skin. She describes these areas as burning and itching. Based on this presentation, you suspect:
A: anaphylaxis.
B: a food allergy.
C: anorexia nervosa.
D: a foreign body airway obstruction.

3:  The antigen or substance causing the allergic response is known as an:
A: alkali.
B: acuity.
C: aberrancy.
D: allergen.

4:  Which of the following statements is true?
A: Allergens enter the body through oral ingestion, injection, inhalation, or topical absorption.
B: Very few substances can trigger the body's immune system and cause an allergic reaction.
C: The reaction to the sting of a honeybee, hornet, wasp, or ant will always involve the entire body.
D: The Epinephrine used in auto-injectors should appear yellow or dark amber.

5:  While assessing a 42-year-old man complaining of flu symptoms with vomiting, he suddenly states it is becoming harder for him to breathe. You immediately note stridor, his face has become flushed and his eyes are starting to look puffy. A possible explanation for the change in his condition is:
A: these signs commonly appear with the flu.
B: the patient has a hypersensitivity to latex.
C: he self-medicated with benedryl, which he is allergic to.
D: his "flu symptoms" were the early signs of an anaphylactic reaction.

6:  You are treating a 37-year-old woman who has been stung by a bee. During your exam, the patient produces an auto-injector of epinephrine. The label is in her name, it appears clear and the expiration date has not passed. Once medical control approves the medication, where will you administer the Epi-pen?
A: Into the upper, outer aspect of the upper arm
B: At the top of the gluteal muscle, lateral to the hip
C: Into the fat pads of the anterior surface of the lower abdomen
D: Against the lateral part of the patient's thigh, midway between the hip and the knee

7:  A 29-year-old man was clearing brush piles from around his yard when he suddenly felt a sharp pain to the back of his hand. He now complains of lower extremity cramps and stiffness. Based on this presentation, you suspect:
A: he was stung by a yellow jacket.
B: he was bitten by a female black widow spider.
C: he was bitten by a male black widow spider.
D: he was bitten by a brown recluse spider.

8:  You are performing an assessment on a 16-year-old male with a painful ulcer on his lower back. The site is swollen with a dark, necrotic center. The patient states he thinks the bite was from a small, dull brown spider several days ago. Immediate treatment for this condition includes:
A: requesting an order for an Epi-pen from medical control.
B: BLS care and transportation to the emergency department.
C: scraping the site with the edge of a card and applying ice.
D: immersion of the area in hot (110-115 degree F) water for 30 minutes.

9:  You and your partner have been dispatched to a local school where two students were fighting. One has a deep bite on his forearm. Although you can see several puncture wounds, bleeding is minimal. In treating this injury it is important to recall:
A: a wide range of virulent bacteria and viruses may be present in the wound.
B: because the bleeding is minimal, no further treatment is necessary.
C: the patient should be evaluated for rabies at the hospital.
D: injury to the teeth is often more severe than the bite wound.

10:  A rash with a "bull's-eye" pattern is characteristic of:
A: The toxins absorbed from a Portuguese man-of-war sting.
B: The envenomation of toxins from a sculpturatus scorpion sting.
C: A symptom of a bite from a tick infected with Lyme disease.
D: The response to the cytotoxin in brown recluse venom.

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